Kaidan (1964), known in the US as Kwaidan - is a dazzling experience for lovers of visual cinema. Directed by Masaki Kobayashi , this film does not have the plot intricacies of Akira Kurosawa's Ran (1985) , nor the masterful performances of the likes of Toshiro Mifune or Isuzu Yamada's terrifying take on Lady Macbeth in Kumonosu-jou (1957, aka Throne of Blood).
What it does have are 4 Japanese ghost stories. Eerily portrayed and delivered in an unforgettable style, especially if unique visuals appeal to you. 'Kwaidan' is actually an ancient pronunciation of Kaidan, which means 'Ghost Story.' Alot of what is depicted in the film has been distilled from Japanese Folk tales, notably collected by Patrick Lafcadio Hearn and translated by his wife Setsu Koizumi . These were published as Shadowings (1900) and Kwaidan: Stories and Studies of Strange Things (1904)
There are no wire-fu Samurai duels here, (there is an highly stylised, epic sea battle though), no fast paced camera tracking or horseback warrior prowess. These tales unfold in a way that allows the images to do all the talking. Those that do watch Kwaidan and bemoan the pace or dialogue are really missing the point in a spectacular way. It is best to treat this movie like a visit to an art gallery (and music performance). Of course, there is some dialogue and commentary to give the images deeper context.Whilst not as warmly received in Japan itself during the mid 1960s, this film has gone on to become a cultural treasure for Japanese and international cinema.
The centrepiece of this film is the tale of Hoichi the Earless. Hoichi is a blind Buddhist Monk, who has the gift of music, including playing the biwa. One of his pieces is the tale of a great sea battle. This is not a fictional battle, but actually refers to the battle at Dan-No-Ura which occurred on April 25th, 1185 CE. This battle occurred toward the final phase of the Genpei War.
Unfortunately for him - Hoichi's performance of the song is so moving that it has the power to summon the spirits of those who perished in the battle.
The focus of the tragedy of this famous conflict was the death of six year old Emperor Antoku. Indeed, the retinue of spectres that haunt Hoichi in the film are still bound to the spirit of their young Emperor.
The battle sequence was filmed in a large pool. Drapery and painted murals provide richly coloured backdrops as Hoichi recounts the battle. You do not have to be a student of Japanese History to feel the sense of tragedy that accompanied this event - the haunting recitation by Hoichi and Kobayashi's amazing visuals do this for you. The style used by Kobayashi used no battle sound effects or dialogue, merely sequences illustrating the words and music of the tale.
Kwaidan was released with English subtitles and original audio by the The Criterion Collection, which you can get from places such as Amazon. If you are in the mood for an amazing visual experience and some interesting ghost stories - it simply shouldn't be missed. To get a taste of the amazing Kwaidan, feast your eyes and ears on this amazing excerpt from the Hoichi tale: